Seró Transmitter Space
Seró Espai Transmissor is a centre that preserves and exhibits the archaeological remains of the megalithic monument of Reguers Seró (Artesa de Segre, Noguera). The site corresponds to a Pyrenean dolmen of the 3rd millennium BC, although in its construction fragments of three oldest statues-menhirs were used, possibly for the final Neolithic, which have become an exceptional contribution to the megalithic statues world in the Iberian Peninsula and Europe.
The story of the megalithic remains at the Reguers de Seró site is told in three chapters. Initially, there was a megalithic monument of unknown shape, formed by at least three anthropomorphic statues-menhirs. Two of them (Seró A & B; 2.6 and 7 metres tall) are carved by all sides with motifs representing attire and ornaments of the characters, ancestors or gods. The great realism and quality of figurations, only have parallel in statues-menhirs of the megalithic groups of Rouergue in France and Sion Aosta in the Alps. The way to represent the different arrangements, is however completely original. In the front and the sides a tunic is visible that would be woven with zig-zag motifs, and would cover the whole body. On the back, a cloak made up of two pieces would cover the entire back until the feet. The largest would be composed of rectangular scraps of skin or leather sewn together, and the final part would be composed for a second piece of plain clothes.
The third statue-menhir is smaller (Seró C; 1.2 m) and presents a different decorative technique. However, there are also recognize elements such as a belt, a belt buckle, the legs and a possible baldric holding a curved object. It seems inspired by copies of Rouergue and the upper Languedoc.
In a second phase, the initial monument was destroyed. The Statues-menhirs were fragmented in a pre-conceived order, with the intention to build a megalithic tomb. Even some decorative motives from Seró B, were aborted or bushhammered. This tomb was of a Pyrenean dolmen type, consisting of a cist (stone slabs box) with a rectangular "window" in the entrance area, a mound of stones and soil, and an outer ring of nailed stones (Cromlech). The tomb contained the remains of at least two people, accompanied by a complete trousseau and offerings: a shell necklace beads, binocular and pyramidal buttons made with bones and shell, campaniform pottery vessels or local tradition production, and animal remains. The C14 dating have revealed that the tomb was in use between 2750 BC. and 2000 BC., a timeline that matches with the local Chalcolithic.
Finally, around 2000 BC the grave was sacked, the remains were partially scattered and the chamber sealed with stones and soil never to be used again.
Cristina Belmonte Santisteban
Xavier Bermúdez López
Phone: +34 661224195